QUANAH PARKER

1845-1911

 

TIMELINE

  1827 Cynthia Ann Parker is born in Coles ILL to Silas and Lucy Parker  
  1834 Oklahoma set aside as Indian Territory  
  1836 May 19th Cynthia Ann, her brother John and three others are taken by Comanches at Parker’s Fort.  
  1840 Col. Len Williams, and 3 other traders, visit Comanche chief Pa-ha-u-ka, and tried to ransom Cynthia Ann but    was refused. He talked to her but she refused to answer.  
  1845

Quanah Parker born between 1845-1852

Western Panhandle region became U.S. territory with the annexation of Texas
 
  1849 Captain R A Marcy explores the Red River and into New Mexico – he employs Cynthia Ann’s brother John who tells him he searched for and asked Cynthia Ann to return to her relatives – she refused.  
  1854 Two reservations are established for Indians in West-Central Texas: one for Comanches on the Clear Fork of the Brazos in Throckmorton County, the other for more sedentary Indian groups, such as Tawakonis, Waco’s and Tonkawa’s, near Fort Belknap in Young County  
  1855 Victor M. Rose visited a Comanche camp in which Cynthia Ann lived. He asked her if she would like to return to her people and she replied in the negative." Pointing to her husband, and her babies, she was quoted by Rose as saying: "I am happily wedded. I love my husband, who is good and kind, and my little ones, too, are his, and I cannot forsake them."  
  1858 Toh-Tsee-ah (Prairie Flower) Parker born  
  1860 Naudah and Toh-Tsee-ah are taken by Texas Rangers at Pease River  
  1861

April - Texas Legislature grants a pension and land allotment to Cynthia Ann.

A photo of her in a red and blue cape is taken in Austin.

Isaac and Benjamin Parker are appointed guardians.

 
  1862 Quanah’s brother Pecos is believed to have died from smallpox.  
  1864

Comanches battled Kit Carson and the US Soldiers at the first battle of Adobe Walls.  The Indians won.

Quanah’s sister Toh-Tsee-ah is believed to have died this year
 
  1867 Medicine Lodge Treaty  
  1870

Cynthia Ann Parker listed on the Anderson County census at 45 years of age living in the home of her sister Orlena and J R O’Quinn. 

Cynthia Ann Parker dies and is buried first in Fosterville Cemetery, Anderson Co TX
 
  1874 Chief Quanah Parker led warriors in the 2nd Battle of Adobe Walls.  
  1875 Quanah leads the Quahadi band into FT Sill  
  1878 Charles Goodnight negotiated a treaty with Quanah to graze cattle  
  1878 Congress authorizes Indian Police and Courts for Indian Offenses  
  1879 Carlisle Indian Industrial School founded.  
  1881 Quanah negotiated with several cattlemen for grazing on Reservation lands  
  1884 Star House is constructed  
  1885 Death of Yellow Bear and Quanah becomes Chief  
  1887 The Dawes Act was passed  Commission began to conduct a census and allot Indian Reservation lands  
  1889 Land in Indian Territory was opened to white settlement by land runs, lotteries, and auctions. The territory was split in half, and the western half became Oklahoma Territory.  
  1889 Quanah is a Judge in the Court of Indian Offenses  
  1890 May 2   Region was divided into Indian Territory and Oklahoma Territory  
  1893

Quanah with an Indian delegation visit the Jerome Commission in Washington DC regarding the Indian lands.

September 16 The largest and most spectacular run in northern Oklahoma, the Cherokee Strip, was held.
 
  1896 Quanah and his son Harold are visiting the Jerome Commission in Washington DC regarding the Indian lands.  
  1897

Quanah and other chiefs visit Carlisle Indian School, PA, returning to Oklahoma from Washington DC.

Quanah takes several hundred Comanches to a Cowboy Reunion in Seymour TX – all are commended on their behavior by Captain Baldwin.

 
  1898

Quanah has three of his children attending Carlisle Indian School join him in Washington DC while negotiating with the Commission.

Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition and Indian Congress at Omaha NE

 
  1899 Quanah’s son Harold joins him in Washington DC. Quanah visits Carlisle enroute back to Oklahoma accompanied by his daughter Laura.  
  1900 Fort Worth Fair - Fort Worth, TX  
  1901 Quanah made a Comanche band return to the reservation and to return a white captive  
  1902 Grazing on Reservations was ended by the Government. Loss of income to the Comanches.  
  1903

Visited Carlisle Indian Boarding School, PA

Quanah’s son Baldwin attends Chilococo Indian School OK

 
  1904 St Louis Fair  
  1905

Quanah Parker and others ride in President Theodore Roosevelt’s Inauguration Parade in Washington DC

Quanah preached a sermon in a Cache Church where is daughter-in-law Laura Parker taught Sunday school.

President Roosevelt went on a wolf hunt with Quanah and cattlemen.
 
  1906 Quanah Parker is a member of the Indian Council to the State Constitutional Convention  
  1907

June 16 Quanah visited by British Ambassador James Brice

November 16  Indian Territory and Oklahoma Territory were combined to make a new state, Oklahoma
Oklahoma became the 46th state to join the Union.
 
  1908

Advertisement to locate Cynthia Ann’s grave

J R O’Quinn letter to Quanah about grave location

Movie – “A Bank Robbery”

 
  1909 Quanah’s Letter to Governor Campbell, Texas  
  1910

Dallas’ Texas State Fair – Quanah is a major speaker

October- Speech at Oklahoma City

Return of Cynthia Ann's remains and burial on December 4 at Post Oak Mission Cemetery, Indiahoma OK

 
  1911 February 23rd. Quanah dies in his home. Obituaries and stories were published all over the United States.  
  1915 Quanah's grave was desecrated, 3 rings, gold/white watch chain and diamond brooch were taken  
  1920 Monument for Quanah, appropriated by Congress, unveiled and erected at Post Oak Mission Cemetery  
  1957 Quanah, his mother and sister were reburied at Chief’s Knoll, Ft Sill Cemetery in a elaborate ceremony  
   

Named after Quanah:

City of Quanah TX

Quanah Mountain OK

Quanah Lake OK

Quanah Trailway OK

Many schools in OK and Texas

Hotel Convention Rooms in FT Worth TX

Annual parades in FT Worth and other cities

School Lesson Plans in OK and Texas are on Cynthia Ann Parker and on Quanah Parker; Texas state school tests have questions on Quanah

Museums have special Quanah Parker displays

Quanah Railroad

Books, magazine articles and manuscripts published about his life

Movies

Theatrical Plays

Historical Markers in OK and in Texas

Artist paintings and sculptures

Monuments

Hundreds of people try and trace their family to Quanah

 
       
   

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